Less than one year away from the next United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development scheduled for June 2012 in Rio (Rio+20), the international community is mobilizing to ensure that tomorrow’s major challenges are on the agenda. Among these subjects, the issue of global food security and new challenges governing current and future agricultural models is on the agenda. Industrial farming models have reached their limits, and it is high time to invest seriously in more ecologically, economically and socially sustainable models. “Agroecology”—a concept that will be defined and clarified in this brief—has now frequently been recognized as a forward-looking solution to overcoming the challenge of feeding nine billion mouths in 2050 without sacrificing the planet’s natural resources. But how is this possible?
This brief aims to review today’s main global food challenges, present the agroecology concept in its many facets, and clarify the key principles and techniques that are currently proven to work. It also questions the agroecology concept in light of the many virtues attributed to it in literature, and elucidates the main challenges that will need to be overcome to develop its dissemination on a larger scale.
French version available!