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Trade Policy and Food Security : Improving Access to Food in Developing Countries in the Wake of High World Prices

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World Rainforest Movement 9 January 2015

Thèmes :

Because global population is expected to
surpass 9 billion by 2050, food security remains among the
most pressing development issues of our time. The physical
and economic access of not only nations, but also
individuals and households to sufficient and nutritional
foods is linked with poverty. Inadequate access to
technology, land, water, and other agricultural inputs, as
well as climate and other environmental factors, routinely
imperils the ability of poor people to produce or secure
sufficient food. Furthermore, the obligation of governments
to nurture an enabling environment for food security based
on economic openness, functioning markets, and sound policy
making has been a development challenge too often unmet.
Much of the increase in world food demand in the coming
decades as a result of population growth will continue to
originate in developing countries where, according to the
United Nations, nearly one billion people (or about 16
percent of the world s population) still go hungry every
day. Demand for food in China alone will account for 46
percent of the increase in global food consumption by 2050.
At the same time, many developing countries are experiencing
rapid urbanization and rising incomes that have been
accompanied by an evolving diet away from traditional crops
toward more animal-based foods. These trends are altering
the food production landscape and calling into question how
the world can best adjust to this new reality.

Download (325 p.) : https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/bitstream/handle/10986/20537/926470PUB0978100Box385381B00PUBLIC0.pdf?sequence=1


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